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2.8 Extended surgery
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All cases in which it is impossible to install implants without special procedures or requiring a certain implantological experience, are referred to as extended, or complicated; these include sinus lifting, transplantation of bone blocks , directed bone regeneration and use of membranes, splitting an alveolar process, transposition of the lower alveolar nerve, etc. As a rule, all these procedures require additional surgical equipment: not only specialized tools and materials (mills and drills, curettes, retractors, osteoplatic materials, membranes), but also stationary equipment (piezoelectric surgery system, fibre-optic devices, etc.).

I would like to note that all cases of extended surgical operations require well-formed manual skills for working with bone tissue and high sensitivity of the surgeon’s fingers.

All the procedures in this section are presented in order of increasing complexity, and I remind you that you can perform such operations only after finishing specialized courses and training sessions.