© Non-classified materials. An illustrated manual of implant dentistry.
Main » Introduction

1.2 Classification of dental implants
Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants Classification of dental implants
 

There are several classifications of dental implants based on various principles. The most widely spread classification is based on the position of an implant relating to the surrounding tissues. According to the classification dental implants are subdivided into:

  • Intramucosal dental implants
  • Superiosteal implants
  • Endosteal dental implants
  • Transosteal implants
  • Endodontic endosseous implants

Endosseous implants are most widely spread, for they guarantee long-term stable aesthetic and functional results. According to statistics collected within a ten-year period, about 88 – 96 % of endosseous implants (there are various shapes) perform well.

Endosseous implants have the following components 1.2.1 A-D:

  • an endosseous dental implant body 1
  • a dental implant abutment for attaching dental prosthesis 3
  • a transgingival component securing the implant-abutment connection 2

Many “Bone Level” implants, which are totally embedded in jawbone and do not show above the gum line, have no transgingival components 1.2.1 C,D.

According to their construction, dental implants can be:

Non-demountable 1.2.1 B. In this case, an abutment and an endosseous dental implant body form an integral whole. If repositioning of a dental implant abutment is required, the abutment is either removed or bent.

Demountable 1.2.1 C. In this case, an implant can be used together with a variety of abutments, which secures optimal positioning of the final restoration and can be used with a variety of constructions, enabling replacement.

 
1.2-1A A demountable dental implant with a straight abutment above.
 
1.2-1B A non-demountable dental implant.
 
1.2-1C A conical screw shape dental implant (Root form dental implant) to be embedded into the bone with a variety of abutments.
 
1.2-1D A cylinder dental implant.
 
 prev page   next page 

Sinus lift complications 4.7 Errors and Complications   
Sinus lift 2.8.3 Surgical Procedure   
Preoperative examination 2.2 Surgical Procedure   
Splitting an alveolar ridge 2.8.5 Surgical Procedure   
Problems of the prosthetic procedure 4.9 Errors and Complications   
Occlusal screw-retained crowns 3.4 Prosthetic procedure   
Other types of implant-supported prosthetic constructions 3.5 Prosthetic procedure   
Correction of dental-alveolar lengthening 2.8.1 Surgical Procedure   
Preoperative preparation 2.2.3 Surgical Procedure   
Specifics of making implant-supported single crowns 3.3 Prosthetic procedure